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ACADEMY MEMBERSHIP
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ACADEMY MEMBERSHIP


WHO

Academy membership is limited to scholars  working in the field of Mesopotamian arts and Sciences. The Academy has various branches, for the different categories in arts and Sciences, The requirements for each branch and category can be provided upon request.

HOW
1. Who can join
BEN MAAS membership is open to committed scientific researchers, educators and advocates who belong to the Mesopotamian region as well as to non-Mesopotamian–region persons engaged in scientific work in the region.

2. Membership
Membership is awarded on the basis of a proven record in contribution to scientific research, education and advocacy. We are welcome more scientists and researchers joint BEN - MAAS  

The following abbreviation letter indicates the major field of research on ancient and modern Mesopotamia .

Ag: Agricultural Sciences; Agriculture was the main economic activity in ancient MesopotamiaAR Aramean studies

As: Ancient Astronomy  (Babylonian astronomy was the study or recording of celestial objects during early history Mesopotamia. These records can be found on Sumerian clay tablets, inscribed in cuneiform, dated to around 1000 BCE.)

Amorites, Akadian studies, Assyrian studies, Aremean studies, Arab studies, Ancient Mesopotamian studies

B: Biology;There were significant dissimilarities between Egypt and Mesopotamia. Located between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers, Mesopotamia was much more easily invaded than Egypt. Not surprisingly, the medical arts, and therefore biology, progressed much faster in Mesopotamia than in Egypt, since schooling in medicine was imperative for the treatment of wounded and ailing soldiers in the field. Among their other accomplishments, the Sumerians developed early erudition in, and distinguished some surprisingly modern areas of, biology. Studies show that Sumerian scientists delved into endocrinology (the study of hormones), histology (the analysis of tissues), comparative anatomy (an approach to anatomy that progresses by comparing one animal with another), and many other topics.

Babylonian studies, Bible studies, Bahaism 

Ch: Chaldean studies 

D: Diplomacy and Diplomatic practices in the foreign policies of early civilizations in Mesopotamia

Ea: Earth Sciences in ancient mesopotamian civilizations , Eco: Economics; The Mesopotamian economy was based on bartering—that is, trading goods and services for other goods and services. Bartering was necessary for people in Mesopotamia to get the resources they lacked. ... Mesopotamians also used metals such as lead, copper, bronze, tin, gold, and silver, for currency.

 Ed: Education; As a civilization contemporary with Egyptian civilization, Mesopotamia developed education quite similar to that of its counterpart with respect to its purpose and training. Formal education was practical and aimed to train scribes and priests. It was extended from basic reading, writing, and religion to higher learning in law, medicine, and astrology. Generally, youth of the upper classes were prepared to become scribes, who ranged from copyists to librarians and teachers. The schools for priests were said to be as numerous as temples. This indicates not only the thoroughness but also the supremacy of priestly education. Very little is known about higher education, but the advancement of the priestly work sheds light upon the extensive nature of intellectual pursuit.

En: Environment. Thousands of years ago Mesopotamia’s weather was semi-arid, with hot summers and sporadic rain. However, the presence of two rivers, the Tigris and the Euphrates, made it humid, fertile and ideal for nomads to start settlements. The abundance of water and nutrient-rich soil made it an ideal place to develop agriculture. More tribes made the region home and gave birth to one of the world’s first settlements. Mesopotamia, which in Greek means "the land between the rivers," eventually became the cradle of world civilization. Human creativity is also responsible for ancient Mesopotamia's development. When the first cities were formed, their dwellers discovered that they could have access to water year-round if they built an irrigation system. To tame the rivers, early Mesopotamians built canals and reservoir basins. By 3500 BCE, Mesopotamia’s residents had adapted to the then semi-arid region and had learned how to produce sustainable crops.

For years scientists have been trying to explain why Mesopotamian culture vanished. The first hypothesis suggests that Mesopotamia’s collapse was the result of environmental changes. Irrigation systems can leave behind traces of mineral salts that may have reached very high levels and rendered the soil poisonous for some edible plants. Other theories concentrate on armed conflicts such as invasions.

Ancient Mesopotamia used to have about 10 inches of rain per year and very hot temperatures – in summer average temperatures reached 110 degrees Fahrenheit. Modern-day Iraq and Syria have an arid climate. They have hot, dry summers and short cool winters.

Egyptology

Fi: Finance; (Trade and Finance in Ancient Mesopotamia) "Money in the Neo-Assyrian Empire",

Food Science. They focused above all on the cultivation of cereals (particularly barley) and sheep farming, but also farmed legumes, as well as date palms in the south and grapes in the North.

In reality there were two types of Mesopotamian agriculture, corresponding to the two main ecological domains, which largely overlapped with cultural distinctions. The agriculture of southern or Lower Mesopotamia, the land of Sumer and Akkad, which later became Babylonia received almost no rain and required large scale irrigation Works which were supervised by temple estates, but could produce high returns. The agriculture of Northern or Upper Mesopotamia, the land that would eventually become Assyria, had enough rainfall to allow dry agriculture most of the time, so that irrigation and large institutional estates were less important, but the returns were also usually lower.

G: Gutians,Gılgamesh studies  

H: History of ancient and Modern Mesopotamia Humanics,Hittites,Hattites

I: Information Technology in Ancient mesopotamia,Iranian studies

J: Journalism,Jewish studies

K: King Hammurabi’s Code,Ancient and modern Kurdish studies

L: Literature and Language(Special focus is given to Mesopotamia)

Math: Mathematics; Mat: Materials Science; Med: Medical Science in Ancient and Modern Mesopotamia , Middle eastern languages and Cultures , Mesopotamian Polytheism

N: Namma studies,Nebuchadnezzar architecture

O: Oceanology (Ancient Uses of the OceansEgyptian and Mesopotamian Cultures and early trade (~3200 BC)Phoenician and Greek colonization of the Mediterranean (~1200 BC - 400 BC) and Ottoman studies

P: Physics as a science in ancient mesopotamian civilizations ,Phonecian studies,Peace studies and Politics in ancient and modern civilizations 

Q: Quantum Mechanics in ancient mesopotamian civilizations

R: Religious beliefs, Religion  in ancient and modern Mesopotamia In Mesopotamia is  a direct relationship between religion and psychological thought existed. For thousands of years, the only religion that existed here was Mesopotamian Polytheism There were over 2100 gods and goddesses, which varied depending on the city or state; in a sense the religion was henotheistic, in that some gods were seen as greater than others. These deities were portrayed as being anthropomorphic, having a human form, as well as exhibiting human behavior like getting drunk, and eating, though they were viewed as possessing a higher amount of perfection than humans 

S: Sociology (Social classes ) in ancient mesopotamian civilizations 

T: Technology in Ancient and modern Mesopotamia , Tectonics.Turkish studies (Classical and modern)

U: Ufology ;Ancient Aliens in Ancient History of Mesopotamian Art

Ur-The Third Dynasty of Ur, also called the Neo-Sumerian Empire, as Upper Mesopotamia. The dynasty corresponded to a Sumerian renaissance following the fall of the First Dynasty of Ur. The Third Dynasty of Ur arose some

Ubaid, civilization - Uruk, Early Dynastic, 

V: Vitaminology in ancient Mesopotamian medicine

W: Woman studies (Mesopotamian Women and Their Social Roles)

Mesopotamian women in Sumer, the first Mesopotamian culture, had more rights than they did in the later Akkadian, Babylonian and Assyrian cultures. Sumerian women could own property, run businesses along with their husbands, become priestesses, scribes, physicians and act as judges and witnesses in courts. Archeologists and historians speculate that as Mesopotamian cultures grew in wealth and power, a strong patriarchal structure gave more rights to men than to women. Perhaps the Sumerians gave women more rights because they worshipped goddesses as fervently as they did gods.

Z: Zooecology in Ancient Mesopotamian region 

Zaza studies (The Zazas (also known as Kird, Kirmanc or Dimili) are a people in eastern Turkey who speak the Zaza language. Their heartland consists of Tunceli and Bingöl provinces and parts of Elaziğ,Erzincan and Diyarbakır provinces. Zazas generallyconsider themselves Kurds, and are often described as Zaza Kurds

Ziggurat (Architectural studies of Ziggurat)  (/ˈzɪɡʊˌræt/ ZIG-uu-rat; Akkadian: ziqquratu, D-stem of zaqāru 'to protrude, to build high'cognate with other semitic languages like Hebrew zaqar (זָקַר) 'protrude'is a type of massive structure built in ancient Mesopotamia. It has the form of a terraced compound of successively receding stories or levels. Notable ziggurats include the Great Ziggurat of Ur near Nasiriyah, the Ziggurat of Aqar Quf near Baghdad, the now destroyed Etemenanki in Babylon, ChoghaZanbil in Khūzestān and Sialk.

The biblical account of the Tower of Babel has been associated by modern scholars to the massive construction undertakings of the ziggurats of Mesopotamia and in particular to the ziggurat of Etemenanki in Babylon in light of the Tower of Babel Steledescribing its restoration by Nebuchadnezzar II.

3. How to join a membership of Mesoptamian Academy of Sciences and Arts?
The following membership procedures will follow for first two years as Charter of The Mesopotamian Academy of Sciences and Arts (BEN-MAAS) will be officially effective for nominating the Members as per the articles thereby indicated 

2.1  Membership categories
According to the Statutes of the Mesopotamian Academy of Sciences, the Academy's membership consists of the following categories:

Honorary Councillors of Academic Advisory Committee
They are invited by BEN MAAS from the senior fellows of the National Academy of Science, or distinguished Professors of Universities in those countries in Mesopotamia and Asia and EU and USA 

Honorary Councillors of Administrative Advisory Committee
They are invited by BEN - MAAS from governors or CEO of Large Institutions in the world.

Academicians of BEN MAAS
They are selected form the Fellows of BEN - MAAS

Fellows
The Council of the BEN MAAS  oversees the selection process and appoints 3 subject area committees (Arts ,Science and Archeology) , known as Sectional Committees, to recommend the strongest candidates for election to the Fellowship. The final list of up to 50 Fellowship candidates and up to 25 Foreign Membership candidates is confirmed by the Council in March  and a secret ballot   of Fellows is held at a meeting in February . A candidate is elected if he or she secures two-thirds of votes of those Fellows present and voting.

Members
They are elected from scientists who are working in Mesopotamian region and Middle east and have made outstanding contributions to their respective fields of science.

2.2  Procedure of Election:

Academicians of BEN - MAAS

The nomination of a candidate of for election must be made in writing on a Nomination Form of Academician signed by two Academicians of BEN MAAS . Completed nomination form of Academician are evaluated by Academic Advisory Committee, and then submitted to the BEN MAAS Council. The Council, after reviewing the comments and recommendations made by the Academic Advisory Committee, recommends a final list of candidates for election. The names of the candidates selected are then communicated to the Academicians of BEN MAAS or election by postal ballot. Candidates receiving a favourable vote by the majority of Academicians are elected. If the candidate of academician is a new member and he/she not receiving a favourable vote by the majority of academician is accepted as a fellow.

Fellows of BEN - MAAS 
The nomination of a candidate of Fellow of BEN MAAS for election must be made in writing on a Nomination Form of Fellow signed by an academician, or two fellows of BEN MAAS Completed nomination form of fellows of BEN MAAS are evaluated by Academic Committee of Fellows, and then submitted to the BEN MAAS Council. The Council, after reviewing the comments and recommendations made by the Academic Committee of Fellows, recommends a final list of candidates for election. The names of the candidates selected are then communicated to the Fellows of BEN-MAAS  for election by postal ballot. Candidates receiving a favourable vote by the majority of fellows are elected.

Members of BEN -MAAS
The nomination of a candidate of member of BEN-MAAS must be made in writing on a Nomination Form of member signed by a fellow, or two members of BEN-MAAS  Completed nomination form is evaluated by two Academicians, and then submitted to the BEN MAAS  Council. The Council, after reviewing the comments and recommendations made by the Academicians, the candidate can be accepted as a member of BEN-MAAS

2.3 Membership fee
While there are no fees to join BEN-MAAS members are encouraged to give voluntary contributions for $ 100 operational expenses and to purchase publications such as books, journals and newsletters.

2.4 Inquiry
The Nomination Forms of a Candidate of Academician, Fellow, and Member of  BEN-MAAS are available upon request and are sent to BEN MAAS  members only. They are not sent to non-members.

More detail please inquiry

Secretary General of BEN-MAAS Academy of Sciences

E-mail: info@mesopotamianacademy.org

Call us for detailed information